Bhai Mani Singh
Bhai Mani Singh (1644-1737) was a prominent Sikh scholar, theologian, and martyr. He was born in a village called Alipur in the present-day Muzaffarnagar district of Uttar Pradesh, India. Bhai Mani Singh was a disciple of Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Sikh Guru, and played an important role in the Sikh community.
Bhai Mani Singh is best known for compiling the final version of the Sikh scripture, the Guru Granth Sahib, after the death of Guru Gobind Singh. He also served as the head granthi (custodian) of the Harmandir Sahib, also known as the Golden Temple, in Amritsar. Bhai Mani Singh was a prolific writer and is credited with composing several Sikh texts and hymns.
In 1737, Bhai Mani Singh was arrested by the Mughal authorities for his refusal to pay a fine imposed by them. He was offered clemency if he converted to Islam, but he refused and was brutally executed by being sawn alive at Chandni Chowk in Delhi. His martyrdom is remembered as a significant event in Sikh history and serves as an inspiration to Sikhs for their steadfastness in the face of oppression.