History – 1 January

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1 January

The historical events that occurred on January 1st throughout the years are numerous and varied, spanning different centuries, cultures, and regions. Here are a few notable events in history that happened on January 1st:

  • 45 BCE: The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar, came into effect. It established January 1 as the first day of the year.
  • 1801: The Act of Union came into effect, uniting Great Britain and Ireland to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
  • 1863: The Emancipation Proclamation, issued by President Abraham Lincoln, came into effect in the United States, declaring that all slaves in Confederate-held territory were to be set free.
  • 1892: Ellis Island in New York Harbor opened as an immigration station, welcoming millions of immigrants to the United States.
  • 1912: The Republic of China was established.
  • 1959: Fidel Castro led the Cuban Revolution, overthrowing Fulgencio Batista, and establishing a communist government in Cuba.
  • 1985: The first mobile phone network in the United States was inaugurated by AT&T.
  • 1994: The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) came into effect.
  • 2002: The Euro currency was introduced in 12 European countries.
  • 2018: NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft successfully conducted a flyby of the distant object Ultima Thule in the Kuiper Belt, providing valuable data about objects in the outer solar system.

While these events offer a glimpse into history on January 1st, it’s important to note that many other significant events, celebrations, and transitions have occurred on this date throughout history, shaping the world we live in today. Additionally, New Year’s Day is widely celebrated globally, marking the beginning of a new year according to the Gregorian calendar.